Fitness acronyms can be confusing, especially for those new to exercise and workout routines. So, if you’ve heard things like EMOM, superset, and AMRAP in your workouts but aren’t sure what they mean, you’re in the right place. We’re going to decode the most common fitness acronyms, helping you navigate your way through your fitness journey with a bit more ease!
Common Fitness Acronyms Explained
#1 EMOM (Every Minute on the Minute)
EMOM is a popular training style in which an exercise is performed at the start of every minute, with the remaining time within that minute used for rest. This method enables you to control the intensity and volume of your workout while keeping a consistent pace throughout.
A superset involves performing two exercises back-to-back without rest in between. This technique is designed to increase workout intensity, save time, and target multiple muscle groups. Supersets can be performed using exercises that target the same muscle group or antagonistic muscle groups.
Interval training refers to alternating periods of high-intensity exercise with periods of low-intensity recovery or rest. This type of training is highly effective in improving cardiovascular fitness, endurance, and overall conditioning, while also burning a significant amount of calories.
#4 HIIT (High-Intensity Interval Training)
HIIT is a workout method that combines short bursts of intense activity with brief rest periods. These workouts are designed to push your body to its limits, resulting in improved cardiovascular fitness, fat loss, and muscle conditioning.
#5 LIT (Low-Intensity Interval Training)
LIT is similar to HIIT, but with a focus on lower-intensity exercises. This type of training offers many of the same benefits as HIIT, but with less stress on the body and a lower risk of injury.
Tabata is a specific form of HIIT that consists of eight rounds of 20-second high-intensity exercise intervals followed by 10 seconds of rest, totaling 4 minutes. This workout method, developed by Dr. Izumi Tabata, has gained popularity for its ability to deliver significant fitness improvements in a short amount of time.
#7 AMRAP (As Many Rounds/Reps As Possible)
AMRAP workouts challenge you to complete as many rounds or repetitions of a particular exercise or circuit within a set time frame. This style of training is effective for building endurance and mental toughness while providing a sense of accomplishment as you push your limits.
#8 ROM (Range of Motion)
ROM refers to the full movement potential of a joint or muscle group. Maintaining and improving your range of motion is crucial for injury prevention, flexibility, and overall performance. Incorporating stretching and mobility exercises into your fitness routine can help improve ROM.
#9 DOMS (Delayed Onset Muscle Soreness)
DOMS is the muscle pain and stiffness that occurs 24-72 hours after an intense workout, particularly when you’ve engaged in new or unfamiliar exercises. This soreness is a natural part of the muscle repair and rebuilding process and can be managed with proper recovery techniques, such as rest, nutrition, and gentle stretching.
#10 PR (Personal Record)
A PR, also known as a personal best (PB), refers to the best performance you have achieved in a specific exercise or workout. Tracking your PRs can help you stay motivated, set goals, and measure your progress over time.
Incorporate These Fitness Terms Into Your Fitness Routine
Understanding common fitness acronyms is important for getting the most out of your workouts and understanding exactly what may be included in a specific style of exercise or fitness class. Now that you know some of the most common fitness acronyms, you’ll be better equipped to tackle your fitness goals and optimize your fitness routine.